Lets not for get we did some of this to our selves, in 2010 when we defeated prop 23
That forced the closure of 11 refineries across California, because they could not meet the strict emissions requirements without rebuilding the entire refinery and California would not grant them any extensions. Paying the outrageous environmental fines per day while they rebuilt would cause those refineries to run in the red. So they shut them down and are moving them out of state. Where they can produce gas cheaper and be closer to "other markets".
Personally I think AQMD thought they would make loads of cash on the fines for years while they rebuilt the refineries. But I guess the gas companies had the last laugh on that one and they called AQMD's bluff. Not sure what it is now but 4 years ago when I worked for a finishing company AQMD was aloud to make all their own rules, fines, and enforcement procedures. Talk about running-a-muck I saw a permit price list once in a AQMD seminar where they were actually charging $250,000 in permits to open a small 8 pump (that's 8 nozzles) gas station. That's on top of all the other permits and paraphernalia they need and here's the kicker they have to completely remove and replace their tanks and lines every 10 years. In six years of finishing we had to have a complete change over of equipment 4 times because AQMD would shut down the production of our needed product due to environmental concerns and the new product could not be used in the old lines.
And remember built into the per gallon price is sales tax so every time there's a price increase the state gets 7.75% of that increase.